According to the chairman of IT security association, Teletrust, there are three key security challenges in Europe.
Norbet Pohlmann told the ISSE 2015 security conference in Berlin: "We have to discuss the challenges around privacy, industrial espionage and cyber war to find solutions that are relevant to Europe."
He began by discussing the challenges around privacy and highlighting the cultural differences on the issue between Europe and the US.
He said: "Research has shown that, when asked whether private data belongs to companies, 76% of US respondents said 'yes' compared with just 22% of European respondents."
He added: "We need to find ways to change this and move to business models where private data remains private and alternative means of payment are provided."
When it comes to personal data, Polmahn believes there needs to be significant changes to ensure that it's clear what national security agencies can do.
He said: "There needs to be greater transparency and safeguards that ensure the rights and autonomy of individuals are respected."
Polmahn said distributed denial of service attacks (DDoS) are a key area that needs to be tackled.
He added: "Anti-DDoS capabilities will be important in future as cyber criminals increasingly use this attack method."
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